Benign rolandic and occipital epilepsies of childhood

Oliviero Bruni, Luana Novelli, Alice Mallucci, Martina Della Corte, Antonino Romeo, Raffaele Ferri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rolandic and occipital benign epilepsies of childhood are strictly linked to sleep but often no specific alterations of sleep organization were found. The spike activation is mostly evident in the first sleep cycle and related to EEG sigma band. NREM 1 and 2 sleep facilitate the spreading of epileptic discharges of benign childhood epilepsies while in NREM 3-4 sleep the spreading capacity is reduced. REM sleep inhibits both phenomena. Cyclic alternating pattern (CAP) modulates epileptiform discharges and seizures in lesional epilepsies, but shows no effect in the benign childhood epilepsies. Specific alterations of CAP structure (reduction of CAP rate and A1 phases in NREM 2) may shed light on the pathophysiology of cognitive disturbances of these children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-145
Number of pages11
JournalSleep Medicine Clinics
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Occipital epilepsy
  • Panayiotopoulos syndrome
  • Rolandic epilepsy
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology

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