Benzydamine is a non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug, devoid of activity on arachidonic acid metabolism, which is extensively used as a topical drug in inflammatory conditions, particularly for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis and Candida albicans-sustained vaginitis. In the present study the effects of benzydamine on the production of several inflammatory cytokines were examined in cultures of Candida albicans-stimulated human mononuclear cells. Benzydamine (6.25-50 μM) inhibited Candida-induced tumor necrosis factor-α and, to a lesser extent, interleukin-1β production, whereas it did not affect interleukin-6 release. Benzydamine also blocked monocyte chemotactic protein-1 secretion, but it did not affect interleukin-8 production. Unlike benzydamine, ibuprofen and naproxen, two non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs also used topically, were unable to suppress inflammatory lymphokine production from Candida-activated mononuclear cells. These data suggest that benzydamine may be effective in local Candida infections at least in part by suppressing inflammatory cytokine and monokine production in the vaginal mucosa and consequently decreasing their levels in vaginal secretions.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Research|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1997|
- Antiinflammatory drug
- Candida albicans
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry