Beta-blocker versus diuretic for control of the blood pressure response to stress in hypertensive patients

S. C. Wu, M. B. Secchi, S. Mancarella, L. Bettazzi, M. Civelli, A. Cirò, L. Oltrona, G. Folli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To compare the antihypertensive effects of beta-blockers and diuretics on the blood pressure increase to stress, a randomized single-blind crossover study was performed in 27 patients with mild or moderate hypertension. At the initial examination and after two subsequent periods of therapy with 100 mg atenolol or with a combination of 50 mg hydrochlorothiazide and 5 mg amiloride hydrochloride, once a day, blood pressure and heart rate were measured at rest, during mental arithmetic, sustained handgrip and cycloergometric test. Both treatment significantly decreased supine and standing systolic and diastolic pressure at rest, during and immediately after mental stress and isometric exercise, with the reduction of diastolic pressure significantly greater after atenolol. During dynamic exercise, systolic and diastolic pressures were significantly decreased by diuretics at the lowest work-load only, whereas beta-blocker caused significant and greater blood pressure reductions throughout the exercise. The combination of two classes of drug normalized resting blood pressure in 8 of 9 subjects in which the monotherapy had failed to obtain values less than 140/90 mmHg and gave a better control of systolic and diastolic pressures throughout all the stress tests. It is concluded that atenolol is more effective than diuretics during stress, suggesting that beta-blocking drugs are the first choice treatment for mild to moderate hypertension and that when the antihypertensive effect of a single agent is insufficient, a combination of beta-blockers and diuretics is also effective during stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-892
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume7
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

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    Wu, S. C., Secchi, M. B., Mancarella, S., Bettazzi, L., Civelli, M., Cirò, A., Oltrona, L., & Folli, G. (1986). Beta-blocker versus diuretic for control of the blood pressure response to stress in hypertensive patients. European Heart Journal, 7(10), 885-892.