OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between BRCA mutational status and response to bevacizumab in a large advanced ovarian cancer (AOC) series. METHODS: This is a multicenter, retrospective case-control study including upfront AOC treated between January 2015 and June 2019. The main inclusion criteria were: having received three weekly carboplatin-paclitaxel as first-line treatment, with or without Bevacizumab maintenance, knowledge of the BRCA mutational status. RESULTS: Overall, 441 patients were included; 183 (41.5 patients received bevacizumab (Cases), and 258 (58.5 did not receive it (Controls). The BRCA mutated patients (BRCAmut) were 58 (39 in the Cases group and 90 (34.9 in the Controls group (p = .77). Patients who received bevacizumab had a significant 4-months increase in median progression free survival (mPFS: 21 vs. 17 months, p = .033). Concerning BRCAmut patients, no differences were shown between those who received bevacizumab or not in terms of mPFS (24 vs. 22 months, p = .3). Conversely, in BRCA wild-type (BRCAwt) population bevacizumab administration significantly prolonged mPFS (20 vs 15 months, p = .019). At multivariate analysis, independent factors of prolonged PFS were BRCA status (OR = 0.60), having received PDS (OR = 0.69), and complete cytoreduction (OR = 0.50), but not the bevacizumab administration (OR = 0.83, p = .22). CONCLUSIONS: No evidence of oncological benefit in terms of PFS and OS related to bevacizumab maintenance therapy was found in BRCAmut patients. Differently, BRCAwt patients seem to benefit from antiangiogenic treatment in terms of mPFS.
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1 2020|