Beyond micrornas: Emerging role of other non-coding rnas in hpv-driven cancers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Persistent infection with high-risk Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) leads to the development of several tumors, including cervical, oropharyngeal, and anogenital squamous cell carcinoma. In the last years, the use of high-throughput sequencing technologies has revealed a number of non-coding RNA (ncRNAs), distinct from micro RNAs (miRNAs), that are deregulated in HPV-driven cancers, thus suggesting that HPV infection may affect their expression. However, since the knowledge of ncRNAs is still limited, a better understanding of ncRNAs biology, biogenesis, and function may be challenging for improving the diagnosis of HPV infection or progression, and for monitoring the response to therapy of patients affected by HPV-driven tumors. In addition, to establish a ncRNAs expression profile may be instrumental for developing more effective therapeutic strategies for the treatment of HPV-associated lesions and cancers. Therefore, this review will address novel classes of ncRNAs that have recently started to draw increasing attention in HPV-driven tumors, with a particular focus on ncRNAs that have been identified as a direct target of HPV oncoproteins.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1246
Number of pages28
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Circular RNAs
  • HPV
  • Long non-coding RNAs
  • Non-coding RNAs
  • PIWI-interacting RNAs
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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