BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that the 3-weekly PELF regimen is superior to FAM and FAMTX in advanced gastric cancer. The aim of this multicentric phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a PELF regimen, given every 2 weeks as a first-line therapy in patients with unresectable or metastatic gastric carcinoma. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients were treated with the following schedule: cisplatin (40 mg/m2, day 1), epirubicin (30 mg/m2, day 1), 5-fluorouracil (400 mg/m2 bolus, followed by 600 mg/m2, 22 h continuous infusion, day 1 and 2) and folinic acid (100 mg/m2, 2-h infusion, day 1 and 2). G-CSF (5 microg/kg) was administered on day 6, 8, 10, and 12. Cycles were repeated every 2 weeks for a maximum of twelve courses. RESULTS: Of the 52 evaluable patients, three (5.8%) complete responses, and 15 (28.8%) partial responses were observed, for an overall response rate of 34.6%. The median duration of response was 8 months. Nineteen patients had stable disease and 15 progressed on therapy. At a median follow-up of 12 months, the median time to progression was 8 months and the median survival duration was 13 months, with a 1-year survival rate of 53.5%. Grade 3 or 4 observed toxicities were: neutropenia in 26 patients (44%), thrombocytopenia in four patients (6.7%), and mucositis in seven patients (11.9%). Conclusions: The bi-weekly PELF regimen seems to be feasible with an acceptable toxicity profile and an activity comparable to the 3-weekly schedule.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research