Bicarbonate and calcium kinetics in postdilutional hemodiafiltration

B. Memoli, R. M. Gazzotti, A. D. Russo, C. Libetta, V. E. Andreucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hemodiafiltration (HDF) is a very effective blood treatment resulting from the coupling of dialysis and hemofiltration and leading to reduction of dialysis time. The aim of this study was to evaluate the balance of bicarbonate and calcium through the filter during postdilutional HDF (with an ultrafiltration flow rate of 70 ml/min) and to verify the effect of ultrafiltration on the kinetics of these two solutes. The study was performed by simultaneously collecting three blood samples (at filter inlet and outlet and after reinfusion) at different ultrafiltration flow rates (12.5-90 ml/min), to measure blood pH, pCO2, plasma total CO2 (TCO2), total calcium, ionized calcium and plasma protein concentration. Plasma bicarbonate concentration was calculated by measuring plasma TCO2. The results showed an inverse linear relationship between bicarbonate (r: -0.7938; p <0.001) and calcium (r: -0.8731; p <0.001) balance and ultrafiltration flow rate. In particular, in postdilutional HDF both bicarbonate and calcium balances through the filter were negative at ultrafiltration flow rates greater than 40 and 55 ml/min, respectively. The negative bicarbonate balance, however, was corrected by reinfusing a substituting solution containing bicarbonate (40 mmol/l). By contrast, the negative calcium balance cannot be corrected by reinfusion and requires a greater calcium concentration in the dialysate and oral calcium supplements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1991


  • bicarbonate
  • calcium
  • hemodiafiltration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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