To report the early results of big-bubble deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty assisted by femtosecond laser in children. Five eyes of 5 pediatric patients were enrolled in the study; 3 had keratoconus and 2 corneal opacities. An IntraLase 60 KHz femtosecond laser (Abbott Medical Optics, Inc) was used to create mushroom incisions on both donor and recipient corneas. All patients were evaluated for best-corrected visual acuity, spherical equivalent, refractive astigmatism, keratometric astigmatism, mean K value, and corneal thinnest point. The big bubble was always achieved, and all eyes were treated successfully without intraoperative complications. The follow-up was of 10 months. At 10 months (at least 3 months after complete suture removal), the mean postoperative best-corrected visual acuity was 20/30 (range, 20/25 to 20/30), mean spherical equivalent was -1.8 ± 1.2 diopters (D) (range, -0.25 to 1.25 D), mean refractive astigmatism was 1.8 ± 1.4 D (range, 0 to 4.0 D), mean keratometric astigmatism was 5.1 ± 2.1 D (range, 3.5 to 8.59 D), mean K value was 46.2 ± 0.8D, and mean corneal thinnest point was 581 ± 46 μm (range, 511-638 μm). Our early findings suggest that the big-bubble technique in deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty assisted by femtosecond laser is safe and effective also in pediatric patients in the attempt to decrease the rejection percentage, improve the refractive outcome, and then provide an antiamblyopic effect.
- deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty
- femtosecond laser
- pediatric patient
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