Bilateral eighth cranial nerve neuropathy in human immunodeficiency virus infection

L. M E Grimaldi, L. Luzi, G. V. Martino, R. Furlan, R. Nemni, A. Antonelli, N. Canal, G. Pozza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A 21-year-old HIV-1 seropositive African man developed an acute febrile illness followed by a sudden sensorineural bilateral hearing loss. Neurophysiological studies demonstrated the bilateral involvement of both branches of the vestibulocochlear cranial nerves. Immunological studies revealed the presence of an ongoing central nervous system HIV-1 infection. A sural nerve biopsy showed the presence of inflammatory cells. We suggest HIV testing for all cases of sudden onset of bilateral hypoacusia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-366
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Neurology
Volume240
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1993

Keywords

  • Bilateral deafness
  • Cranial neuropathy
  • HIV-1
  • Isoelectric focusing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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