Bilateral subthalamic deep brain stimulation in a patient with Parkinson's disease who had previously undergone thalamotomy and autologous adrenal grafting in the caudate nucleus: case report.

Francesco Vergani, Andrea Landi, Angelo Antonini, Erik P. Sganzerla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Subthalamic (Stn) deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a valid surgical therapy for the treatment of severe Parkinson's disease. In recent years, StnDBS has been proposed for patients who previously received other surgical treatments, such as thalamotomy and pallidotomy. Nonetheless, there is no consensus about the indications of DBS in patients who previously underwent surgery. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of a patient treated with DBS after previous thalamotomy and adrenal grafting. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old man with a long history (more than 30 yr) of Parkinson's disease received unilateral thalamotomy and autologous adrenal graft on two independent occasions. Thalamotomy led to a significant improvement, although limited to the control of contralateral tremor. The autologous adrenal graft was of no benefit. For the subsequent occurrence of L-dopa related dyskinesias and severe "off" periods, the patient was referred to our center for StnDBS. INTERVENTION: The patient underwent bilateral StnDBS, obtaining a satisfactory improvement of rigidity and bradykinesia on both sides. The 1-year follow-up evaluation showed a 46% improvement in the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale motor section, along with a noticeable reduction in antiparkinsonian therapy (81%). CONCLUSION: This case is consistent with previous reports from the literature, suggesting that StnDBS is feasible and safe, even in patients who previously received other surgical treatments for Parkinson's disease, such as thalamotomy or cell grafting.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume59
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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