Bilateral symmetry of visual function loss in cone–rod dystrophies

Lucia Galli-Resta, Benedetto Falsini, Giuseppe Rossi, Marco Piccardi, Lucia Ziccardi, Antonello Fadda, Angelo Minnella, Dario Marangoni, Giorgio Placidi, Francesca Campagna, Edoardo Abed, Matteo Bertelli, Monia Zuntini, Giovanni Resta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE. To investigate bilateral symmetry of visual impairment in cone–rod dystrophy (CRD) patients and understand the feasibility of clinical trial designs treating one eye and using the untreated eye as an internal control. METHODS. This was a retrospective study of visual function loss measures in 436 CRD patients followed at the Ophthalmology Department of the Catholic University in Rome. Clinical measures considered were best-corrected visual acuity, focal macular cone electroretinogram (fERG), and Ganzfeld cone-mediated and rod-mediated electroretinograms. Interocular agreement in each of these clinical indexes was assessed by t- and Wilcoxon tests for paired samples, structural (Deming) regression analysis, and intraclass correlation. Baseline and follow-up measures were analyzed. A separate analysis was performed on the subset of 61 CRD patients carrying likely disease-causing mutations in the ABCA4 gene. RESULTS. Statistical tests show a very high degree of bilateral symmetry in the extent and progression of visual impairment in the fellow eyes of CRD patients. CONCLUSIONS. These data contribute to a better understanding of CRDs and support the feasibility of clinical trial designs involving unilateral eye treatment with the use of fellow eye as internal control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3759-3768
Number of pages10
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016


  • Cone dystrophy
  • Electroretinography
  • Interocular
  • Visual acuity
  • Visual function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Bilateral symmetry of visual function loss in cone–rod dystrophies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this