Diltiazem undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism; extrapolation from single to repeated administration thus underestimates plasma concentration values. In order to validate the hypothesis of a partially saturable first-pass effect, four single doses of diltiazem (10, 20, 40, and 120 mg) were administered at weekly intervals to eight healthy volunteers. Results showed that: (a) the inter-subject variability was highest at the lowest dose and lowest at the highest dose; (b) bioavailability was almost nil in 3 of 8 of the subjects after the administration of the 10 mg dose; (c) the mean bioavailability increased with the dose from 11.8 ± 2.5 per cent after 10 mg to 28.2 per cent after 120 mg; (d) the elimination half-life was dose-related; (e) the renal excretion of diltiazem increased with the administered dose from 1.0 ± 0.3 per cent after 10 mg to 3.0 ± 0.5 per cent after 120 mg; (f) the greatest amounts of circulating metabolites were present after the lowest doses. These results are consistent with a partially saturable first-pass effect for diltiazem.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
- Healthy volunteers
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)