Bioavailability of sustained-release theophylline formulations

M. B. Regazzi, R. Rondanelli, E. Vidale, D. Cristiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sustained-release formulations of theophylline as well as for other drugs are designed to effect a delayed but constant release of the active principle in the gastrointestinal tract, thus ensuring more prolonged blood level curves. This study was made to assess the bioavailability of two sustained-release microencapsulated formulations and one sustained-release Diffucaps formulation, in comparison with an equivalent dose of theophylline solution. As regards bioavailability, none of the three formulations differed significantly from the reference formulation. The blood levels at steady state were estimated on the basis of data obtained after a single-dose study. All three sustained release formulations showed good results after prolonged administration in terms of peaks and troughs. The time duration at which the theophylline plasma levels remain higher than 75% of the maximum steady-state levels, following 12-h dosing interval, was evaluated: for the sustained-release microencapsulated formulations this time duration reaches 100% of the dosing interval. A multiple-dose administration of the sustained-release formulations used in this study should guarantee almost complete time coverage, with blood levels sharply exceeding the minimum threshold level of the theophylline therapeutic range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-251
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Therapy and Toxicology
Volume21
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Toxicology

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    Regazzi, M. B., Rondanelli, R., Vidale, E., & Cristiani, D. (1983). Bioavailability of sustained-release theophylline formulations. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Therapy and Toxicology, 21(5), 245-251.