Bioceramics in orthopaedic surgery: state of the art and preliminary results.

S. Giannini, A. Moroni, M. Pompili, F. Ceccarelli, S. Cantagalli, V. Pezzuto, L. Trinchese, D. Zaffe, A. Venturini, M. Pigato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ceramic materials utilized in orthopaedic surgery can be divided into bioinert, causing minimum tissue reaction, and bioactive types, capable of stimulating bone tissue growth, establishing a bond capable of supporting physiological loads. Alumina is a bioinert ceramic which shows excellent mechanical resistance and an extremely low level of wear when given appropriate structural characteristics. It is therefore used to make prosthetic hip components (head and acetabulum), to coat metal prosthetic shafts and to make prostheses for small joints. Among the bioactive ceramics, bioglass, bioglaze and hydroxylapatite are included in the study. At present, bioglass and bioglaze appear interesting, but not sufficiently so as to find a precise niche in orthopaedic surgery. Currently the bioactive ceramic with the most possibilities for use in orthopaedic surgery is hydroxylapatite. The close interfacial bond which is established with bone tissue allows it to be used as a filler for defective bones in various skeletal diseases and as a coating for metal prosthetic substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-441
Number of pages11
JournalItalian Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Volume18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Giannini, S., Moroni, A., Pompili, M., Ceccarelli, F., Cantagalli, S., Pezzuto, V., Trinchese, L., Zaffe, D., Venturini, A., & Pigato, M. (1992). Bioceramics in orthopaedic surgery: state of the art and preliminary results. Italian Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 18(4), 431-441.