In an attempt to better understand the role of the cyclohexene ring (ring A) in the biochemical and pharmacological properties of anthracyclines related to doxorubicin and daunorubicin, we investigated the effects of introduction of a fluorine atom at position 8 of idarubicin (4- demethoxydaunorubicin) on drug molecular conformation and biochemical and pharmacological activities. The study showed that the stereochemistry of the substituent at position 8 influenced the 'half-chair' conformation, so that in the (8R)-fluoroepimer the A ring retained the half-chair conformation, which is the most stable for natural compounds (i.e., daunorubicin and doxorubicin), and the (8S)-fluoroepimers preferred the β half-chair conformation. The (8R)-fluoroepimer was more effective than the (8S)- fluoroepimer and idarubicin in stimulating topoisomerase II-mediated DNA cleavage. Similarly, the epimer with the α conformation was markedly more potent than the (8S)-epimer as a cytotoxic agent in a variety of human tumor cell lines and was more effective as an antitumor agent in the treatment of an ovarian carcinoma xenograff. In addition, 8-fluoro derivatives were able to overcome the resistance to doxorubicin in a number of human tumor cell lines expressing different mechanisms of resistance. In conclusion, these findings provide evidence that drug interactions involving the external (nonintercalating) moiety of the anthracycline chromophore play an important role in determining pharmacological properties, including drug ability to induce DNA cleavage, and therefore their antitumor efficacy.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1996|
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