The (2;5) translocation, found in many T-cell and null cell anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCLs), creates a hybrid gene encoding the 80-kd NPM- ALK protein. Typically neoplastic cells show labeling of both nucleus and cytoplasm for anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and for the N-terminus of nucleophosmin (NPM). However, 10-20% of cases exhibit cytoplasmic labeling only for ALK, indicating the probable presence of variants of the classical (2;5) translocation that do not involve the NPM gene. We report the detection (using Western blotting and an in vitro kinase assay) in seven such ALCL cases, of ALK proteins with molecular masses of 85 kd, 97 kd (one case exhibiting a (2;3)(p23;q21) translocation), 104 kd (one case carried a (1;2)(q21;p23) translocation), and 113 kd. Tyrosine kinase activity was detected in four of these proteins, but the N-terminal portion of NPM could not be detected. These results show how ALCL cases that express ALK proteins other than NPM-ALK can be detected by sensitive biochemical techniques using routine cryostat sections.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Pathology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine