Biodistribution of nonviral cationic vector/DNA complexes was studied after systemic or intratracheal administration to the lungs and correlated with transgene expression. Intravenous injection in C57BI/6 mice gave maximal and significant luciferase expression in the lungs with the cationic polymer PEI 22K/DNA complexes at the highest ratios of positive/negative charges versus DNA alone. While DOTAP/DNA complexes with high charge ratio determined lower but still significant luciferase activity versus uncomplexed DNA, GL-67A and PEI 25K mediated negligible luciferase expression. Labelled PEI 22K and DOTAP complexes were evenly distributed in the alveolar region, where GFP expression was revealed, while PEI 25K and GL-67A complexes were not detected, suggesting a different interaction of these complexes with the plasma membrane of endothelial cells. Following an intratracheal injection, the highest and significant levels of transfection were obtained with slightly positive PEI complexes as compared with DNA alone, whereas cationic lipid-based vectors. DOTAP and GL-67A, gave not significant luciferase activity. Both types of polyplexes gave similar levels of lung luciferase expression by targeting different airway cell populations. PEI 25K complexes determined high levels of GFP in the bronchial cells, confirming confocal data on fluorescent complexes internalization. PEI 22K complexes gave mainly high GFP signal in the distal tract of the bronchial tree, where tagged complexes were recovered. Fluorescent lipid complexes were found in aggregates in the lumen of bronchi totally (DOTAP) or partially (GL-67A) co-localizing with surfactant protein A. Results indicated that cationic polymers could overcome the surfactant barrier which inhibited airway cell transfection mediated by cationic lipids.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Cationic polymers
- Gene transfer
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