Biofilm-based infections in long-term care facilities

Gianfranco Donelli, Claudia Vuotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The recent trend in the early admittance to long-term care facilities (LTCFs) of severely injured patients transferred from general hospitals has given a new dynamic to the incidence of healthcare-associated infections, including biofilm-based infections related to the implant of urinary and intravascular catheters, and the onset of pressure ulcers. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections lead in most of the surveys on LTCFs, approximately 80% of urinary tract infections in these settings being due to the short- or long-term insertion of a urinary catheter. Furthermore, the implantation of intravascular catheters is often responsible for catheter-related bloodstream infections caused by the development of an intraluminal biofilm. Pressure ulcers, frequently occurring in bedridden patients admitted to LTCFs, are also susceptible to infection by biofilm-growing aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, the biofilm formation on the wound being the main reason for its delayed healing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-188
Number of pages14
JournalFuture Microbiology
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • biofilm
  • infection
  • intravascular catheter
  • long-term care facilities
  • pressure ulcer
  • urinary catheter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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