Biologic and molecular characterization of producer and nonproducer clones from HUT-78 cells infected with a patient HIV isolate

M. Federico, F. Titti, S. Butto, A. Orecchia, F. Carlini, B. Taddeo, B. Macchi, N. Maggiano, P. Verani, G. B. Rossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

HUT-78 cells were infected with a reverse transcriptase (RT)-positive supernatant of a culture of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) from an AIDS patient and then cloned. Of these clones, two have been isolated and characterized. Clone D10 is persistently and productively infected with an HIV variant. The clone F12, in spite of the presence of an integrated full-length HIV provirus, does not release virus particles in the medium. D10 and F12 clones substantially differ in terms of protein pattern; that is, D10 is superimposable to infected HUT-78 cells, whereas F12 exhibits a decreased uncleaved p55 gag precursor and the presence of uncleaved gp160 and of a unique p19, although they do not show qualitative or quantitative differences in viral RNA synthesis. Restriction patterns of F12 proviral DNA do not show major genomic deletions. These results indicate that F12 clone cells carry an HIV genome with minor mutations that probably affect the correct production of viral proteins at a posttranscriptional level. In addition, the F12 clone is resistant to high-multiplicity superinfection with HIV-1 or HIV-2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-396
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume5
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

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