Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) represent a key component of bone marrow (BM) microenvironment and display immune-regulatory properties. We performed a detailed analysis of biological/functional properties of BM-MSCs derived from 33 pediatric patients affected by primary immune-deficiencies (PID-MSCs): 7 Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD), 15 Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome (WAS), 11 Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID). Results were compared with MSCs from 15 age-matched pediatric healthy-donors (HD-MSCs). Clonogenic and proliferative capacity, differentiation ability, immunophenotype, immunomodulatory properties were analyzed. WB and RT-qPCR for CYBB, WAS and ADA genes were performed. All PID-MSCs displayed clonogenic and proliferative capacity, morphology and immunophenotype comparable with HD-MSCs. PID-MSCs maintained the inhibitory effect on T- and B-lymphocyte proliferation, except for decreased inhibitory ability of SCID-MSCs at MSC:PBMC ratio 1:10. While HD- and CGD-MSCs were able to inhibit monocyte maturation into immature dendritic cells, in SCID- and WAS-MSCs this ability was reduced. After Toll-like Receptor priming, PID-MSCs displayed in vitro an altered gene expression profile of pro- and anti-inflammatory soluble factors. PID-MSCs displayed lower PPARγ levels and WAS- and SCID-MSCs higher levels of key osteogenic markers, as compared with HD-MSCs. Our results indicate that PID-MSCs may be defective in some functional abilities; whether these defects contribute to disease pathophysiology deserves further investigation.
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