Biological markers in transurethral biopsies from bladder cancer: Preliminary results

E. Benini, A. Costa, G. Pizzocaro, B. Campo, A. Milani, T. Torelli, S. Veneroni, G. Ordesi, S. Pilotti, R. Silvestrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A biologic profile including proliferative activity, evaluated as 3H- thymidine labeling index ( 3H-dT L1), DNA ploidy, p53 tumor-suppressor gene and P-glycoprotein (P-170), as an expression of the multidrug resistance gene, was defined for 50 primary transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder. 3H-dT LI was evaluated by autoradiography on histologic sections after incubation of fresh tumor biopsies with 3H-thymidine. Ploidy was defined by flow cytometric analysis of DNA content on nuclei suspensions obtained from frozen material. Expression of p53 protein and P-170 glycoprotein was detected by immunohistochemistry using the PAb1801 and C219 monoclonal antibody respectively, on sections from paraffin-embedded tumor biopsies. Invasive tumors showed a higher median 3H-dT L1 (12.7% vs 4.2%) and a higher frequency of aneuploidy (73% vs 43%) and more frequently expressed p53 (82% vs 36%) than superficial tumors. Further analysis showed that proliferative activity was higher in invasive than in superficial cancers only in p53- positive or aneuploid tumors and not in p53-negative or diploid tumors. Moreover, proliferative activity and p53 overexpression, but not ploidy, were directly related to histologic grading and tumor stage. Generally, P-170 was not significantly related to any biologic or clinico-pathologic factor. Kinetic and phenotypic biologic markers are differently related to clinico- pathologic factors. A panel of biologic features can be easily evaluated on small transurethral biopsies at diagnosis, during endocavitary treatment or follow-up in bladder cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-821
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Oncology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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