Monitoraggio biologico dell'esposizione occupazionale a Desflurane

Translated title of the contribution: Biological monitoring of occupational exposure to Desflurane

A. Alessio, P. Zadra, S. Negri, L. Maestri, R. Imberti, S. Ghittori, M. Imbriani, A. Cavalleri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In these last years Desflurane (D) has become used, alone or in combination with nitrous oxide, in surgical procedures. Occupational exposed groups include anesthesiologists, other physicians, (e.g. surgeons) and operating room nurses. Desflurane is a halogenated methylethylether which is administered by inhalation. Desflurane is halogenated exclusively with fluorine. The blood/gas partition coefficient of Desflurane is 0,42. Changes in the clinical effects of Desflurane rapidly follow changes in the inspired concentration. Studies in man indicate that Desflurane washes into the body rapidly. It also washes out of the body rapidly, allowing flexibility in adjustment of the depth of anaesthesia. Desflurane is eliminated via the lungs, undergoing only minimal metabolism (0,02%). In order to investigate the role of urinary D as an indicator of occupational exposure to Desflurane (CI, ppm), CI was measured in 21 members of operating room staffs. For the measurement of environmental concentration of Desflurane (CI), the ambient air was sampled using personal passive dosimeters. The analyte was desorbed by a water-methanol mixture and was analysed by means a gas chromatograph - mass spectrometer (GC-MSD) and headspace technique. The biological monitoring of exposed workers was conducted by determining the concentration of Desflurane in urine (Cu, μg/L). Urine concentrations of Desflurane were determined by headspace analysis using GC-MSD. Significant correlations were found between the environmental Desflurane concentration and the urinary concentrations. The correlation between CI (ppm) and Cu (μg/L) was: Log D (Cu, μg/L) =,191 +,922 * LogCI; r =,916 On the basis of the equation it was possible to establish tentatively the biological limit values corresponding to the respective occupational exposure limit values proposed for Desflurane.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)137-141
Number of pages5
JournalGiornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia
Volume25
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Rehabilitation

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