Biological prognostic factors in adult soft tissue sarcomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adult soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) are a rare group of highly heterogeneous neoplasms arising in different tissues. They are locally aggressive and can produce recurrence and distant metastasis. The most common metastatic sites are lung, lymph nodes, liver, bone and soft tissues. Staging for STSs has been based on some prognostic information: grade (low vs. intermediate/high grade), size (small vs. large tumors), depth of infiltration (superficial vs. deep neoplasms) and presence or not of distant metastasis. In the last 10 years, a plethora of new markers (proliferation markers and DNA alteration, P-gp, p53, TLS-CHOP, cyclins, survivin, TERT, PAX3-PAX7/FKHR, Syt-SSX1/2, VEGF, E-cadherin and beta-catenin, nm23, SKP-2, p27, CD40) has been studied with regard to their role in promoting progression (in a laboratory setting) and then determining prognosis and therapy (in a clinical setting). In the present survey, we focused on the role of new biological prognostic factors in STSs and also reported the quality of such studies with an ad hoc designed questionnaire.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4519-4526
Number of pages8
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume25
Issue number6 C
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Prognostic factors
  • Review
  • Soft tissue sarcomas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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