Biologics in the Treatment of Achilles Tendon Pathologies

Cristian Indino, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Federico G. Usuelli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Regenerative medicine is gaining more and more space for the treatment of Achilles pathologic conditions. Biologics could play a role in the management of midportion Achilles tendinopathy as a step between conservative and surgical treatment or as an augmentation. Higher-level studies are needed before determining a level of treatment recommendation for biologic strategies for insertional Achilles tendinopathy. Combining imaging with patient's functional requests could be the way to reach a protocol for the use of biologics for the treatment of midportion Achilles tendinopathy and, for this perspective, the authors describe the Foot and Ankle Reconstruction Group algorithm of treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-493
Number of pages23
JournalFoot and Ankle Clinics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2019


  • Achilles
  • Biologics
  • Imaging
  • Platelet-rich plasma
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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