To evaluate orthopedic devices in pathological bone, an experimental study was performed by implanting Titanium (Ti) and Hydroxyapatite (HA) rods in normal and osteopenic bone. Twenty-four rats were used: 12 were left intact (Control: C) while the other 12 were ovariectomized (OVX). After 4 months all the animals were submitted to the implant of Ti or HA in the left femoral condyle (Ti-C, HA-C, Ti-OVX, HA-OVX). Two months later the animals were sacrificed for histomorphometric, ultrastructural and microanalytic studies. Our results show a significant difference between the Affinity index (A.I.) of HA-C and Ti-C (77.0 ± 7.4 vs 61.2 ± 9.7) (p <0.05). No significant differences were observed between the osteointegration of Ti-C and Ti-OVX (61.2 ± 9.7 vs 48.2 ± 6.7). Significant differences also exist between the osteointegration of HA-C and HA-OVX (77.0 ± 7.4 vs 57.6 ± 11.5) (p <0.01). Microanalysis shows some modifications in Sulphur (S) concentration at the bone/biomaterial interface of the Ti-OVX group. Therefore our results confirmed the importance of biomaterials characteristics and of bone quality in osteointegration processes.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Artificial Organs|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Hydroxyapatite (HA)
- Pathological fractures
- Renal failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas