Biomechanics of the knee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The knee is the largest joint of the human body, comprising four bones and a complex structure of soft tissues. These bones make up a double-joint structure - the tibio-femoral joint and the patello-femoral joint.The analysis of motion applied to a joint requires the use of both kinematics and kinetics data. Kinematics describes motion without reference to the causes of motion, while kinetics studies the relationship between the motion and its causes from both a static and dynamic point of view. Correct joint kinematics is fundamental to articular functionality. An alteration may change the physiological load transmission. Compartmental overload can result, leading to degenerative arthrosis and the need for a knee implant. The objective of a knee replacement is pain relief and restoration of knee function.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSurgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) and Alternative Procedures
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages17-35
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9781782420385, 9781782420309
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 17 2014

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Keywords

  • Biomechanic
  • Femur
  • Knee anatomy
  • Menisci
  • Patella
  • Prostheses
  • Tibia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Affatato, S. (2014). Biomechanics of the knee. In Surgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) and Alternative Procedures (pp. 17-35). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1533/9781782420385.1.17