OBJECTIVE: To develop a multiple-endpoint monitoring system in order to assess and minimize long term risks in hospital nurses exposed to antiblastic drugs. DESIGN: Molecular epidemiology study. SETTING: S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna, Italy: nurses exposed to antiblastic drugs. PARTICIPANTS: 50 exposed subjects (8 males and 42 females) and 50 unexposed individuals (8 males and 42 females) matched for age and smoking habits. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Urinary markers of exposure, Heat Shock Proteins (HSPs) 27, 70, 90, 110, immunologic biomarkers in peripheral blood lymphocytes: apoptosis, cell-cycle analysis G1-S-G, typization of Natural Killer cells (NK) and receptors micronuclei; frequency in peripheral blood lymphocytes and in exfoliated buccal mucosa cells; activation ofspecific oncogenes (bax, bcl2). RESULTS: 19/50 subjects showed urinary antiblastic drug levels (3 subjects MTX, 11 subjects CP, 5 subjects MTX and CP). No statistically significant differences were observed in all the considered biomarkers between the exposed and control groups. CONCLUSION: This biomonitoring study doesn't evidence any early significant effect associated to the exposure to antiblastic drugs.
|Translated title of the contribution||Biomonitoring of nurses occupationally exposed to antineoplastic drugs: the IMEPA Project|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Epidemiologia e prevenzione|
|Issue number||5-6 Suppl|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2005|