Biophotonics for diagnostic detection of extracellular vesicles

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) are versatile carriers for biomarkers involved in the pathogenesis of multiple human disorders. Despite the increasing scientific and commercial interest in EV application in diagnostics, traditional biomolecular techniques usually require consistent sample amount, rely on operator-dependent and time- consuming procedures and cannot cope with the nano-size range of EVs, limiting both sensitivity and reproducibility of results. The application of biophotonics, i.e. light-based methods, for the diagnostic detection of EVs has brought to the development of innovative platforms with excellent sensitivity. In this review, we propose an overview of the most promising and emerging technologies used in the field of EV-related biomarker discovery. When tested on clinical samples, the reported biophotonic approaches in most cases have managed to discriminate between nanovesicles and contaminants, achieved much higher resolution compared to traditional procedures, and reached moderate to excellent diagnostic accuracy, thus demonstrating great potentialities for their clinical translation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-249
Number of pages21
JournalAdvanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Volume174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Biophotonics
  • Biosensor
  • Diagnostics
  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Liquid biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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