Biopsy-proven autoimmune myocarditis in HIV-associated dilated cardiomyopathy

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Background: Dilated cardiomyopathy occurring in HIV-infected patients raises both diagnostic and therapeutic challenging problems. Indeed myocardial involvement in HIV infection has been variously attributed to several causes, including viral, toxic, nutritional and autoimmune, but no specific treatment capable to substantially improve patients' prognosis has been recognized so far. Case Presentation: Hereby we describe the case of an autoimmune myocarditis manifesting with heart failure in a3 9-year-old man with HIV infection. Conclusion: Presence of auto-reactive myocarditis should be considered in patients with HIV-associated dilated cardiomyopathy. Its recognition by endomyocardial biopsy followed by steroid administration may result in a complete resolution of cardiac disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number729
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 31 2014


  • Biopsy (Heart)
  • Heart failure
  • HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus)
  • Myocarditis
  • Recovery of function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases


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