Biosynthesis of globin chains in fetal liver and adult marrow cultures. Comparative analysis of individual colonies derived from early, intermediate or late erythroid progenitors

P. Comi, B. Giglioni, M. L. Pozzoli, S. Ottolenghi, A. M. Gianni, A. R. Migliaccio, G. Migliaccio, F. Lettieri, C. Peschle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The relative synthesis of globin chains (α,β,Gγ,Aγ) has been comparatively evaluated in erythroid colonies from 26 fetal livers (7-15 gestational week) and 13 'normal' adult marrows. Clusters deriving from erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-E) were analysed either individually or in pools of 5 ̃-20 colonies. Bursts deriving from earlier erythroid progenitors (erythroid burst-forming unit, 'primitive' or 'mature', P-BFU-E or M-BFU-E, respectively) were always analysed individually. Since γ-globin synthesis peaks earlier than β-chain production in both the fetal and the adult erythroblastic pathway, the globin synthetic pattern has been comparatively evaluated, in so far as possible, in colonies at an homogenous, advanced stage of hemoglobinization. In fetal liver cultures, the relative β-synthesis in CFU-E clusters, M- and P-BFU-E bursts constantly shows low, fairly uniform values. In adult marrow cultures, the relative γ-production in the corresponding three classes of colonies is characterized by low, rather homogeneous levels (except for more elevated γ-synthetic values occasionally observed in pooled CFU-E clusters comprising a majority of poorly-hemoglobinized colonies). A gradual decrease of relative γ-production has never been observed in colonies deriving from progressively more differentiated erythroid progenitors of both fetal and adult origin. These results suggest that fetal and adult BFU-E are endowed respectively with a program for prevailing HbF or HbA synthesis, which is not substantially modulated at the level of erythroid progenitors under standard culture conditions. By implication, it is postulated that, in fetal and more particularly adult age, modulation of globin synthesis is mediated via mechanism(s) acting at the level of erythroblasts, i.e. at the level of the early γ- and the late β-synthesis in their maturation pathway. The Hb switch (i.e. the switch from prevailingly HbF to HbA synthesis program) is possibly dependent on the ontogenic 'maturation' of BFU-E (and/or stem cells), which peaks in the perinatal period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-356
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume133
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1981

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Erythroid Precursor Cells
Globins
Bone Marrow
Liver
Erythroblasts
Stem Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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Biosynthesis of globin chains in fetal liver and adult marrow cultures. Comparative analysis of individual colonies derived from early, intermediate or late erythroid progenitors. / Comi, P.; Giglioni, B.; Pozzoli, M. L.; Ottolenghi, S.; Gianni, A. M.; Migliaccio, A. R.; Migliaccio, G.; Lettieri, F.; Peschle, C.

In: Experimental Cell Research, Vol. 133, No. 2, 1981, p. 347-356.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Comi, P. ; Giglioni, B. ; Pozzoli, M. L. ; Ottolenghi, S. ; Gianni, A. M. ; Migliaccio, A. R. ; Migliaccio, G. ; Lettieri, F. ; Peschle, C. / Biosynthesis of globin chains in fetal liver and adult marrow cultures. Comparative analysis of individual colonies derived from early, intermediate or late erythroid progenitors. In: Experimental Cell Research. 1981 ; Vol. 133, No. 2. pp. 347-356.
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AU - Comi, P.

AU - Giglioni, B.

AU - Pozzoli, M. L.

AU - Ottolenghi, S.

AU - Gianni, A. M.

AU - Migliaccio, A. R.

AU - Migliaccio, G.

AU - Lettieri, F.

AU - Peschle, C.

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