The relative synthesis of α-, β-, Gγ- and Aγ-globin chains has been evaluated in single fetal liver bursts, which were grown in methylcellulose cultures, individually labelled with [3H]leucine and then analysed via iso-electric focusing. Well-hemoglobinized bursts demonstrate a homogeneous globin synthetic pattern, characterized by prevalent HbF (+some HbA) synthesis: thus, they apparently originate from a homogeneously programmed population of erythroid burst-forming unit (BFU-E). On day 8-9 of culture, the synthetic pattern in 'mature' (i.e., well-hemoglobinized) bursts has been compared with that in simultaneously-grown, 'immature' (i.e., poorly-hemoglobinized) colonies. These patterns have been further compared with that in 'matured' bursts (identified in situ as immature on day 8-9 and labelled 2-4 days later when matured). The 'immature' colonies showed very low levels of relative β-globin synthesis, while the 'mature' ones demonstrated a more elevated production of β-chain. Significantly, the 'matured' bursts showed a globin chain synthetic pattern similar to that of previously labelled 'matured' colonies. It is postulated therefore that in fetal liver (and also in adult marrow) the synthesis of γ-chain is linked to an early differentiation stage of erythroblasts, while β-globin synthesis is largely activated at a more advanced maturation stage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology