Previous studies have reported an increase in heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycan (HSGAG) during skeletal muscle differentiation in culture. We have investigated this phenomenon further in relation to the heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) produced by myogenic cultures. Pulse-chase analysis indicated an approx. 3-fold increase in heparan sulfate synthesis in myotube cultures over that in proliferating or aligning myoblast cultures. Muscle fibroblast culture heparan sulfate synthesis was higher than that of myoblasts but was lower than myotubes. The turnover rates appeared to be the same for all stages of development, with a t 1 2 of approx. 5 h. Enrichment for heparan sulfate by Sepharose CL-4B and DEAE-Sephacel chromatography indicated an increase in the hydrodynamic size of the proteoglycan produced by myotubes over that from myoblasts, with a shift in Kav from 0.14-0.19 to 0.07. Fibroblasts synthesized the smallest proteoglycan, with a Kav of 0.22. All of the proteoglycans contained similar sized glycosaminoglycan chains with an estimated molecular weight of 30 000-40 000. Localization of the heparan sulfate proteoglycan in myotube cultures by trypsin sensitivity indicated much of the intact proteoglycan to be closely associated with the cell surface, while internalized material appeared in a degraded form.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology