Characteristics of the population: With 95,408 births, the number of births in the Lombardy Region continues to decrease with respect to the previous years, and the birth rate falls to 9.6 births per 1,000 inhabitants. Mothers with foreign citizenship in 2012 represent 28.9% of all mothers, and are mainly mothers of African origin (8.6% of all mothers). The average age of mothers giving birth is 33.5 years, while it is 29.6 for the foreing mothers. The frecjuency of women who give birth at age ≥40 years is 9%, while it is l%for minors. The rate of single mothers (unmarried, separated, divorced or widowed) is 32.2%. 29.2% of the mothers have a medium-low education (primary or junior high school), while 27.5% have a graduate or postgraduate level education. 67% of mothers is employed, while 6.6% is unemployed. Pregnancy: In all, 11,7% of women have less than four visits during the pregnancy. 3.2% of Italian women and 14.1% of foreign women have their first visit after 12 weeks of gestation. 16.7% of women receive at least one invasive prenatal visit (amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling or cordocentesis). The rate of amniocentesis is 34.2% in women 35-37 years and increases with age. Childbirth: 72.4% of births took place in 33 birth centers (of the 75 regional ones), in which more than 1,000 births/year take place. The rate of preterm pregnancies is 6.8%, that ofpost-term pregnancies is 0.13%. Laborwas induced in 19.2% of the shares. 27.7% of births are by cesarean section, with large differences between the locai health authorities and the individuai structures. The rate of multiple births was 1.7%. In 90.8% of vaginal births the woman was accompanied by a trusted person, mainly (86.7%) the father of the newbom. The rate of infants weighing less than 2,500 grams is 9.3%, that ofinfants weighing less than 1,500 grams is 1.5%.
|Translated title of the contribution||Birth in the Lombardy Region|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Ricerca e Pratica|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 2015|
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