Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaws: a therapeutic dilemma

Rossi Diego, Ornella D'Orto, Davide Pagani, Alessandro Agazzi, Umberto Marzano, Giancarlo Derada Troletti, Walter Fontanella, Lorenzo Pignataro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To describe our experience in prevention and treatment of mandibular and maxillary osteonecrosis, an emerging complication of long-term intravenous administration of bisphosphonates. Study design: Between February 2004 and February 2006, 10 patients who had received zoledronic acid intravenously because of multiple bone myelomas or bone metastases were treated for mandibular and maxillary osteonecrosis in the Departments of Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery of our institution. Results: All of the patients underwent surgical sequestrectomies. More extensive surgery was necessary in 3 cases. There were no major complications, and the majority of the patients are alive with no signs of infection or bone exposure. Conclusions: Our experience confirms that bisphosphonate therapy contributes to the pathogenesis of mandibular and maxillary osteonecrosis. Surgery seems to be necessary in the majority of the patients, although the most adequate procedure is far from being standardized and prevention seems to play a pivotal role.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
Volume103
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Surgery

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