Bit-mapped somatosensory evoked potentials and muscular reflex responses in man: comparative analysis in different experimental protocols

P. M. Rossini, C. Paradiso, F. Zarola, R. Mariorenzi, R. Traversa, G. Martino, M. D. Caramia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bit-colour maps of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) and muscular responses from forearm and hand muscles were simultaneously recorded after median nerve stimulation. Subjects were asked either to relax totally (A), or to contract the examined muscle continuously and isometrically at 10-20% (B) and 80-100% (C) of the maximal strength. Isotonic contractions ipsilateral (D) and contralateral to the stimulus (E) were also examined. Both SEPs and EMG responses were elicited by individual near-motor threshold pulses delivered at 0.2/sec to the median nerve at the elbow. SEPs were maximal in amplitude during complete relaxation, whilst all the components following the parietal N20 were depressed by muscle contraction. Such decrements affected predominantly the parietal and frontal peaks of positive polarity during condition B, whilst the frontal negative component (wave N30) dropped remarkably in conditions C and D. Early EMG responses (V1 = spinal circuitry) were usually absent in condition A; they were present together with later components (= V2 possibly long-loop, transcortical circuitry) in C and D, whilst they were alone recordable in B and E. The amplitudes of the frontal wave N30 in SEPs and of V2 in LLRs were inversely correlated. This observation is consistent with the hypothesis that a change in the reactivity of the sensorimotor brain areas to afferent impulses is coupled to LLR elicitation in forearm and hand muscles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-276
Number of pages11
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology - Evoked Potentials
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Long-loop circuitry
  • Mapping
  • Somatosensory evoked potentials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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