2,2′,5,5′-Tetraphenyl-3,3′-bithiophene-4,4′-diol, the first member of a new class of chiral C2-symmetric atropisomeric diols based on a biheteroaromatic scaffold, has been synthesized. Dynamic enantioselective HPLC experiments revealed a racemization barrier of 22.9 kcal/mol at 25 °C, which is high enough to permit the chromatographic collection of both enantiomers on a semi-preparative scale, but at the borders of application as a promoter in asymmetric catalysis. The ground and transition states involved in the enantiomerization process have been identified through DFT calculations, which suggest the intermediacy of a tautomeric species in which a thiophen-3-ol unit and a 2,3-dihydrothiophen-3-one ring are present. The proposed racemization mechanism is supported by the results of dynamic HPLC experiments. Calculations also suggested which substituent groups at the 2,2′-positions of the thiophene rings could lead to an increase in enantiomerization barriers sufficient to confer full configurational stability on the 3,3′-bithiophene framework.
- Chiral resolution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry