Bladder cancer risk in painters

A review of the epidemiological evidence, 1989-2004

Cristina Bosetti, Enrico Pira, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epidemiological studies on the potential association between painting and the risk of bladder cancer published after the Monograph of the International Agency for Research on Cancer N. 47 of 1989 have been systematically reviewed. These included four cohort studies on the incidence of bladder cancer among painters, with a pooled relative risk (RR) of 1.10 (95% confidence interval, CI, 1.03-1.18), based on 893 cases observed. The corresponding summary RR from four cohort studies on mortality was 1.23 (95% CI 1.11-1.37), based on 370 deaths. The pooled RR from 14 case-control studies and a pooled-analysis of other 11 case-control studies was 1.35 (95% CI 1.19-1.53), based on 465 cases exposed. Overall, the RR from all epidemiological studies was 1.17 (95% 1.11-1.27). Thus, recent epidemiological evidence indicates a moderate excess risk for bladder cancer in painters. Some studies, however, suggested that any such risk would have been greater for exposures in the distant past. Open issues for interpretation include residual confounding by social class and tobacco smoking, and understanding the time-risk relation. In particular, the potential residual risk related to exposure over the last two to three decades remains to be defined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)997-1008
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Case-Control Studies
Epidemiologic Studies
Cohort Studies
International Agencies
Paintings
Social Class
Smoking
Confidence Intervals
Mortality
Incidence
Research

Keywords

  • Bladder cancer
  • Occupational exposure
  • Painting
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

Cite this

Bladder cancer risk in painters : A review of the epidemiological evidence, 1989-2004. / Bosetti, Cristina; Pira, Enrico; La Vecchia, Carlo.

In: Cancer Causes and Control, Vol. 16, No. 9, 11.2005, p. 997-1008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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