Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN): The cutaneous sanctuary

A. Pileri, C. Delfino, V. Grandi, C. Agostinelli, S. A. Pileri, N. Pimpinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim. Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDNC) is a rare tumour, which stems from plasmacytoid dendritic cells. Although the aetiology is still unclear, in the last few years various reports suggested a potential role of chromosomal aberrations in the oncogenesis. The disease is currently enclosed among "acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and related precursor neoplasms" in the last WHO classification. BPDCN has an aggressive course, however, it has been suggested that an exclusive cutaneous involvement at presentation is related to a better clinical outcome. Methods. We review the literature about BPDCN, and we present a series of 11 cases, all characterised by disease limited to the skin at presentation. Furthermore, we examined all cases of the last 10 years stored in the database of the multidisciplinary study group on cutaneous lymphomas of the University of Florence. Results. Basing on the clinical features, patient were classified into two groups: with a single-lesion or multiple eruptive-lesions presentation. The former were treated with radiotherapy (limited field, electron beam therapy). The latter were treated with different therapeutic options, depending on age and co-morbidities. All patients with a single lesion achieved complete response. Five of 6 patients with eruptive lesions achieved a clinical response (2 complete and 3 partial response). Notably, the progression free survival was higher in the single-lesion than in the eruptive-lesion group (23 vs. 9 months). However all patients relapsed and 8 of 11 died. Conclusion. Although the small number of selected patients, we could speculate that the concept of "cutaneous sanctuary" is particularly true in patients with a single lesion-presentation. In these patients, especially if >70 year-old aged, radiotherapy should be encouraged as the treatment of choice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-608
Number of pages6
JournalGiornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia
Volume147
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Keywords

  • Dendritic cells
  • Gene expression profiling
  • Immunohistochemestry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Pileri, A., Delfino, C., Grandi, V., Agostinelli, C., Pileri, S. A., & Pimpinelli, N. (2012). Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN): The cutaneous sanctuary. Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia, 147(6), 603-608.