Blood lead reference values: The results of an Italian polycentric study

P. Apostoli, A. Baj, P. Bavazzano, A. Ganzi, G. Neri, A. Ronchi, L. Soleo, L. Di Lorenzo, P. Spinelli, T. Valente, C. Minoia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents the results of a polycentric study carried out in seven different areas, organized by the Italian Society of Reference Values (SIVR) for assessing reference values of lead in blood (B-Pb) at the current doses of the metal to general population. The estimated arithmetic mean for B-Pb in males was of 45.1 μg/l and 30.6 μg/l in females; the 95th centile was 100 and 60 for males and females, respectively. The main variables influencing B-Pb levels were gender, age, BMI, outside sport practice, alcohol consumption and smoking habits, while the geographic area and the urban residence did not affect the metal concentration in blood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2002


  • Blood
  • Italian Society of Reference Values (SIVR)
  • Lead
  • Polycentric study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry


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