Blood leukocyte Alu and LINE-1 methylation and gastric cancer risk in the Shanghai Women's Health Study

Y. Gao, A. Baccarelli, X. O. Shu, B. T. Ji, K. Yu, L. Tarantini, G. Yang, H. L. Li, L. Hou, N. Rothman, W. Zheng, Y. T. Gao, W. H. Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Recent data suggest a link between blood leukocyte DNA methylation, and cancer risk. However, reports on DNA methylation from a prospective study are unavailable for gastric cancer.Methods: We explored the association between methylation in pre-diagnostic blood leukocyte DNA and gastric cancer risk in a case-control study nested in the prospective Shanghai Women's Health Study cohort. Incident gastric cancer cases (n=192) and matched controls (n=384) were included in the study. Methylation of Alu and long interspersed nucleotide elements (LINE)-1 were evaluated using bisulphite pyrosequencing. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated from logistic regression adjusting for potential confounders. Results: Alu methylation was inversely associated with gastric cancer risk, mainly among cases diagnosed one or more years after blood collection. After excluding cases diagnosed during the first year of follow-up, the ORs for the third, second, and first quartiles of Alu methylation compared with the highest quartile were 2.43 (1.43-4.13), 1.47(0.85-2.57), and 2.22 (1.28-3.84), respectively. This association appeared to be modified by dietary intake, particularly isoflavone. In contrast, LINE-1 methylation levels were not associated with gastric cancer risk. Conclusion: Evidence from this prospective study is consistent with the hypothesis that DNA hypomethylation in blood leukocytes may be related to cancer risk, including risk of gastric cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-591
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 31 2012

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Gastric cancer
  • Leukocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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