The assessment of sodium sensitivity requires to measure the difference in mean arterial pressure (MAP) at the end of sodium-loading (SLoad) and sodium-depletion (SDepl) maneuvers with an arm-cuff manometer. Aim of this study is to evaluate whether MAP measuring devices based on the volume-clamp method at the finger can also be used for assessing sodium sensitivity. Sixty-eight normotensive volunteers underwent SLoad and SDepl diets in random order. MAP was simultaneously measured at the end of each diet with arm (Spacelabs 90207) and finger (Portapres model-2) cuff devices. The sodium sensitivity was assessed as the difference in MAP at the end of SLoad and SDepl diets (ΔMAP), and as salt-sensitivity index (SSI; SSI=ΔMAP divided by the difference in urinary-sodium-excretion rate at the end of the diets). Discrepancies between finger and arm-cuff devices in ΔMAP or SSI were evaluated by Bland and Altman analysis. Even if discrepancies between devices had null-fixed bias, results showed a significant proportional bias and large limits of agreement (between -25 and 25 mm Hg for ΔMAP, between -196 and 180 mm Hg mol-1 per day for SSI). The SSI distribution over the group was larger, flatter and less symmetric if derived from finger-cuff rather than arm-cuff devices, and this influenced substantially the identification of salt-sensitive individuals. Therefore, the response of MAP to SLoad/SDepl diets and consequently the assessment of the salt-sensitivity condition depends importantly on the measurement site, and brachial measures should be preferred for consistency with literature and normative data.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine