This analysis is aimed to determine blood pressure (BP) levels and BP control rates in a large population of hypertensive patients in Italy. Data were taken from two large and inclusive cross-sectional surveys, which covered two distinct and subsequent time periods (2000-2005 and 2005-2011, respectively). Observational clinical studies and surveys, which reported average systolic/diastolic clinic BP levels, proportions of treated/untreated and controlled/uncontrolled patients, and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in hypertensive patients followed in either outpatient clinics, hypertension centres or general practice, were considered for the analyses. The overall sample included 211 591 hypertensive patients (119 997 (56.7%) women, age 57.0±10.0 years, body mass index 26.9±4.0 kg m -2, BP levels 146.9±16.7/88.7±9.6 mm Hg). BP levels were 148.2±15.4/87.5±9.3 mm Hg in patients followed by general practitioners (n=168 313, 79.5%), 148.1±17.3/90.1±9.7 mm Hg in those followed by hypertension centres (n=28 180, 13.3%), and 142.4±17.6/86.6±9.8 mm Hg in those followed by outpatient clinics and hospital divisions (n=15 098, 7.1%). Among treated hypertensive patients (n=128 079; 60.5%), 43 008 (33.6%) were reported to have controlled BP levels. Over one decade of observation, we reported that ∼60% of hypertensive patients were treated and among these only 33% achieved effective BP control. These findings highlight the need for more effective interventions to improve management of hypertension in Italy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine