INTRODUCTION: The most recent European guidelines on hypertension redefined office blood pressure (BP) treatment targets according to age strata and cardiovascular (CV) risk profile.
AIM: To evaluate proportions of adult outpatients achieving office BP treatment targets recommended by current compared to previous hypertension guidelines.
METHODS: We extracted data from medical databases of adult outpatients followed in three excellence centers in hypertension (Rome, Italy; L'Aquila, Italy; Valencia, Spain). Office BP treatment targets were defined according to either 2013 ESH/ESC guidelines (< 140/90 mmHg in non-diabetic individuals aged 18-80 years, < 150/90 mmHg in those aged ≥ 80 years, and < 140/85 mmHg in diabetic individuals), or 2018 ESC/ESH guidelines: (< 130/80 mmHg in individuals aged 18-65 years, < 140/80 mmHg in those aged 65-79 and ≥ 80 years). SCORE risk was assessed in all patients.
RESULTS: From an overall sample of 14,229 adult subjects, 4049 (28.5%) resulted normotensive individuals, 3088 (21.7%) were untreated and 7092 (49.8%) treated hypertensive outpatients. Treated hypertensives showed significantly higher ESC score risk (8.3 ± 13.0% vs. 3.9 ± 8.4%; P < 0.001) and lower systolic/diastolic BP (140.6 ± 18.8/83.9 ± 11.5 vs. 148.3 ± 14.2/94.7 ± 10.1 mmHg; P < 0.001) than untreated hypertensives. Compared to previous guidelines, BP control significantly lowered in non-diabetic outpatients (n = 5847) of all age groups [18-65 years: (13.1% vs. 42.9%), 65-79 years (25.8% vs. 42.5%) and ≥ 80 years (29.1% vs. 66.0%); P < 0.001 for all comparisons]; similar reductions were observed in diabetic outpatients (n = 1245) [18-65 years (32.7% vs. 14.8%), 65-79 years (37.3% vs. 24.7%) and ≥ 80 years (47.1% vs. 27.9%); P < 0.001].
CONCLUSIONS: According to the recommended new office BP treatment targets, the proportions of treated uncontrolled hypertensive patients substantially increased. These findings should prompt a tighter application of therapeutic recommendations and, thus, highlight the need for improving hypertension management and control strategies.
- Aged, 80 and over
- Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects
- Blood Pressure/drug effects
- Cross-Sectional Studies
- Guideline Adherence/standards
- Middle Aged
- Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards
- Practice Patterns, Physicians'/standards
- Time Factors
- Treatment Outcome
- Young Adult