Blood Purification With CytoSorb in Critically Ill Patients: Single-Center Preliminary Experience

Maria Grazia Calabrò, Daniela Febres, Gaia Recca, Rosalba Lembo, Evgeny Fominskiy, Anna Mara Scandroglio, Alberto Zangrillo, Federico Pappalardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The CytoSorb adsorber, a blood purification therapy, is able to remove molecules in the 5–60 kDa range which comprises the majority of inflammatory mediators and some endogenous molecules. We aimed to evaluate CytoSorb therapy on clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. A retrospective case series study, from February 2016 to May 2017, was performed in 40 patients with multiple organ failure who received CytoSorb treatment. There were 28 patients with cardiogenic shock, 2 with septic shock, 9 with acute respiratory distress syndrome, and 1 with liver failure. Nineteen patients (47%) underwent extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, 11 (27%) had an intra-aortic balloon pump, 9 (22%) were implanted with Impella, 6 (15%) had a ventricular assist device, and 18 (45%) were treated with continuous veno-venous hemofiltration. After CytoSorb treatment, total bilirubin decreased from 11.6 ± 9.2 to 6.8 ± 5.1 mg/dL (P = 0.005), lactate from 12.1 ± 8.7 to 2.9 ± 2.5 mmol/L (P < 0.001), CPK from 2416 (670–8615) to 281 (44–2769) U/L (P < 0.001) and LDH from 1230 (860–3157) to 787 (536–1148) U/L (P < 0.001). The vasoactive-inotropic score after 48 h of treatment was reduced to 10 points, P = 0.009. Thirty-day mortality was 55% and ICU mortality was 52.5% at expected ICU mortality of 80%. Our study shows that CytoSorb TM treatment is effective in reducing bilirubin, lactate, CPK and LDH, in critically ill patients mainly due to cardiogenic shock. There is a need for randomized controlled trials to conclude on the potential benefits blood purification with CytoSorb in critically ill patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-194
Number of pages6
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • Blood purification
  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Critically ill Multiorgan failure
  • CytoSorb
  • Hemoadsorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Blood Purification With CytoSorb in Critically Ill Patients: Single-Center Preliminary Experience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this