Blunted respiratory-related evoked potential in awake obstructive sleep apnoea subjects: A NEP technique study

Antonello Grippo, Riccardo Carrai, Isabella Romagnoli, Francesco Pinto, Francesco Fanfulla, Antonio Sanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Respiratory-related evoked potentials (RREP) elicited by transmural pressure in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) subjects have reported conflicting data. Different features of pressure stimuli and/or in the timing of stimuli application seem to account for these contradictory results. The negative expiratory pressure (NEP) technique, highly reproducible in terms of rise time and pressure values, allows to minimize the methodological confounding factors. We determined whether the afferent activity from the upper airway (UA) is altered in OSA subjects. Methods: RREP potentials were examined in 10 OSA and in 12 non-apnoeic awake subjects by means of the NEP technique. Results: All controls showed a cortical response to all pressure stimuli. All OSA subjects showed responses to -5 and -10cmH2O whereas six of them showed no responses to -1cmH2O. The amplitude of the P22, N45 and P85 components of the RREP was significantly reduced in OSA with respect to the controls in response to both the -5 and -10cmH2O stimuli. We found no significant differences in latencies. Conclusions: Awake OSA subjects had a raised threshold to pressure stimuli and blunted respiratory-related evoked potentials. Significance: These data indicate a deficit in afferent activity in the UA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1562-1568
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume122
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Negative expiratory pressure technique
  • Neurophysiology
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea
  • Respiratory-related evoked potentials
  • Upper airway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Sensory Systems

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