Boceprevir or telaprevir in hepatitis C virus chronic infection: The Italian real life experience

Antonio Ascione, Luigi Elio Adinolfi, Pietro Amoroso, Angelo Andriulli, Orlando Armignacco, Tiziana Ascione, Sergio Babudieri, Giorgio Barbarini, Michele Brogna, Francesco Cesario, Vincenzo Citro, Ernesto Claar, Raffaele Cozzolongo, Giuseppe D'Adamo, Emilio D'Amico, Pellegrino Dattolo, Massimo De Luca, Vincenzo De Maria, Massimo De Siena, Giuseppe De VitaAntonio Di Giacomo, Rosanna De Marco, Giorgio De Stefano, Giulio De Stefano, Sebastiano Di Salvo, Raffaele Di Sarno, Nunzia Farella, Laura Felicioni, Basilio Fimiani, Luca Fontanella, Giuseppe Foti, Caterina Furlan, Francesca Giancotti, Giancarlo Giolitto, Tiziana Gravina, Barbara Guerrera, Roberto Gulminetti, Angelo Iacobellis, Michele Imparato, Angelo Iodice, Vincenzo Iovinella, Antonio Izzi, Alfonso Liberti, Pietro Leo, Gennaro Lettieri, Ileana Luppino, Aldo Marrone, Ettore Mazzoni, Vincenzo Messina, Roberto Monarca, CLEO Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIM: To check the safety and efficacy of boceprevir/ telaprevir with peginterferon/ribavirin for hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 in the real-world settings. METHODS: This study was a non-randomized, observational, prospective, multicenter. This study involved 47 centers in Italy. A database was prepared for the homogenous collection of the data, was used by all of the centers for data collection, and was updated continuously. All of the patients enrolled in this study were older than 18 years of age and were diagnosed with chronic infection due to HCV genotype 1. The HCV RNA testing was performed using COBAS-TaqMan2.0 (Roche, LLQ 25 IU/mL). RESULTS: All consecutively treated patients were included. Forty-seven centers enrolled 834 patients as follows: Male 64%; median age 57 (range 18-78), of whom 18.3% were over 65; mean body mass index 25.6 (range 16-39); genotype 1b (79.4%); diagnosis of cirrhosis (38.2%); and fibrosis F3/4 (71.2%). The following drugs were used: Telaprevir (66.2%) and PEG-IFN-alpha2a (67.6%). Patients were naïve (24.4%), relapsers (30.5%), partial responders (14.8%) and null responders (30.3%). Overall, adverse events (AEs) occurred in 617 patients (73.9%) during the treatment. Anemia was the most frequent AE (52.9% of cases), especially in cirrhotic. The therapy was stopped for 14.6% of the patients because of adverse events or virological failure (15%). Sustained virological response was achieved in 62.7% of the cases, but was 43.8% in cirrhotic patients over 65 years of age. CONCLUSION: In everyday practice, triple therapy is safe but has moderate efficacy, especially for patients over 65 years of age, with advanced fibrosis, nonresponders to peginterferon + ribavirin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-956
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Hepatology
Volume8
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • Antiviral therapy
  • Boceprevir
  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Peg-interferon
  • Ribavirin
  • Telaprevir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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