Body Mass Index (BMI) development in the first 6 months of life in infants born to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive mothers

C. Agostoni, M. Giovannini, G. V. Zuccotti, S. Decarlis, M. L. Gianni, E. Riva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have compared the development of BMI in the first 6 months of life of different groups of infants born to HIV mothers (HTV-uninfected, n = 92; later symptomatic HTV-mfected, n= 18; early symptomatic HTV-infected, n= 9) with controls (=65) born to healthy mothers and artificially fed from birth as it is used for the HTV offsprings. Anthropometries were calculated at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 months of life using the WHO reference data. Serodiagnosis was formulated following the CDC criteria. At birth, a trend towards lower values in the two groups of HTV-infected infants was already evident. Among the four groups, HIV uninfected infants showed the highest BMI values while the carry-infected ones showed the lowest BMI values at all measurements. The later-infected group had a value close to the reference at 1 month, and then increased at slower rates than the uninfected and the reference groups. Infants born to HIV-positive mothers may have higher energy and nutrient requirements after birth either to sustain an increased BMI development (when uninfected) or to face catabolic mechanisms (when infected).

Original languageEnglish
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 20 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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