We have compared the development of BMI in the first 6 months of life of different groups of infants born to HIV mothers (HTV-uninfected, n = 92; later symptomatic HTV-mfected, n= 18; early symptomatic HTV-infected, n= 9) with controls (=65) born to healthy mothers and artificially fed from birth as it is used for the HTV offsprings. Anthropometries were calculated at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 months of life using the WHO reference data. Serodiagnosis was formulated following the CDC criteria. At birth, a trend towards lower values in the two groups of HTV-infected infants was already evident. Among the four groups, HIV uninfected infants showed the highest BMI values while the carry-infected ones showed the lowest BMI values at all measurements. The later-infected group had a value close to the reference at 1 month, and then increased at slower rates than the uninfected and the reference groups. Infants born to HIV-positive mothers may have higher energy and nutrient requirements after birth either to sustain an increased BMI development (when uninfected) or to face catabolic mechanisms (when infected).
|Publication status||Published - Mar 20 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology