Body mass index development during the first 6 months of life in infants born to human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive mothers

C. Agostoni, G. V. Zuccotti, M. L. Giannì, E. D'Auria, M. Giovannini, E. Riva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The development of body mass index (BMI) was measured during the first 6 months of life in three groups of infants [human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -uninfected, n = 92; later symptomatic HIV -infected, n = 18; early symptomatic HIV-infected, n = 9] born to HIV-positive mothers and compare I with a reference group (n = 65) born to healthy mothers. A trend towards lower values in the two groups of HIV-infected infants was already evident at birth. Among the four groups, HIV-uninfected infant showed the highest BMI values while the early-infected infants showed the lowest BMI values at all measurements. The later-infected group had a value close to the reference at 1 month, and then increased at slower fates than the uninfected and the reference groups. Infants born to HIV-positive mothers may have higher energy and nutrient requirements after birth, either to sustain an increased BMI development (when uninfected) or to meet catabolic mechanisms (when infected).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-380
Number of pages3
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • HIV infection
  • Infant growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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