Body sway adaptation to addition but not withdrawal of stabilizing visual information is delayed by a concurrent cognitive task

Jean Louis Honeine, Oscar Crisafulli, Marco Schieppati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to test the effects of a concurrent cognitive task on the promptness of the sensorimotor integration and reweighting processes following addition and withdrawal of vision. Fourteen subjects stood in tandem while vision was passively added and removed. Subjects performed a cognitive task, consisting of counting backward in steps of three, or were “mentally idle.” We estimated the time intervals following addition and withdrawal of vision at which body sway began to change. We also estimated the time constant of the exponential change in body oscillation until the new level of sway was reached, consistent with the current visual state. Under the mentally idle condition, mean latency was 0.67 and 0.46 s and the mean time constant was 1.27 and 0.59 s for vision addition and withdrawal, respectively. Following addition of vision, counting backward delayed the latency by about 300 ms, without affecting the time constant. Following withdrawal, counting backward had no significant effect on either latency or time constant. The extension by counting backward of the time interval to stabilization onset on addition of vision suggests a competition for allocation of cortical resources. Conversely, the absence of cognitive task effect on the rapid onset of destabilization on vision withdrawal, and on the relevant reweighting time course, advocates the intervention of a subcortical process. Diverting attention from a challenging standing task discloses a cortical supervision on the process of sensorimotor integration of new balance-stabilizing information. A subcortical process would instead organize the response to removal of the stabilizing sensory input. NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study is the first to test the effect of an arithmetic task on the time course of balance readjustment following visual withdrawal or addition. Performing such a cognitive task increases the time delay following addition of vision but has no effect on withdrawal dynamics. This suggests that sensorimotor integration following addition of a stabilizing signal is performed at a cortical level, whereas the response to its withdrawal is “automatic” and accomplished at a subcortical level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-785
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 14 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Balance
  • Cognitive task
  • Processing time
  • Sensorimotor integration
  • Sensory reweighting
  • Vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

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