Objective: Patients undergoing thyroidectomy often complain of weight gain. The aim of this study was to longitudinally evaluate body-weight changes in patients thyroidectomized for euthyroid and hyperthyroid conditions in order to identify predictive factors.
Methods: Anthropometric data and thyroid function parameters were retrospectively reviewed for 267 thyroidectomized patients before and 40 to 60 days and 9 months after surgery. Presurgery diagnoses included benign (Graves disease, nodular toxic goiter, nodular nontoxic goiter) and malignant (differentiated thyroid cancer) conditions.
Results: Mean preintervention weight of the entire study group significantly increased (P
Conclusion: Thyroidectomy is associated with a significant increase in body weight, which is not limited to patients with Graves disease. Postsurgery TSH levels do not account for subsequent body-weight changes. Short-term changes (40 to 60 days postsurgery) in body weight are highly predictive of the outcome at 9 months, suggesting that early factors related to thyroidectomy per se might play a role.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism